It is the traditional dance of Gujarat in India, and are executed on the night of Navratri. Navratri is a combination of nine consecutive days that worshiped gods Durga, Lakshmi and Saraswati. At the end of these nights, Garba is performed by people dressed in traditional clothing in circles with the lamp or an image of the goddess kept between them.
The name is derived from the Sanskrit term Garbha ( “womb”) and Depp ( “a small porcelain lamp”). It is performed traditional garbas .Many around a central lighting or a picture or statue of the goddess Shakti lamp. Lamp placed inside a clay pot hole or Garba. It lit a pot of perforated lamp inside, which represents the embryonic life. According to the legends, Usha, and daughter-in-law major to Lord Krishna, popularized Lasya Nritya, which is today known as – Garba.
Another point of view on the symbolic form of Garba is that it moves the dancers around in circles making circular motions with their hands and legs, it represents the circle of life, which moves from life to death to the Baath, leaving untouched only the Goddess Durga, does not change nor invincible.Garba is performed in the form of a loop with circular motions quite similar to the Sufi dancers, who move too in a downward spiral.
During the festive season of Navratri, Garba dance in the night begins. The arrangement offers from different clubs and cultural committees. During the ‘Night Garba “, the collection of the participants in an open space, a club or on the street corners. Standing in a circle, around an idol or an image of the goddess which are kept at the center. Dance begins with the beats in a slow pace. As the dance, which increases due to the rhythm of fast-paced music energy level of the participants. synchronizing music by the drummer, who sits in the middle of the dancers.
Navratri Garba is the most colorful form of dance. The performance, men and women, dressed themselves in colorful traditional attire magnetically attractive. Most chosen dance costume is the sari, worn in a typical Gujarati style. In the Saurashtra region, the performance wear skirts embroidered nicely (Ghaghara) with backless choli (kapdu), accessorized with a headscarf (odhani). They adorn themselves with lots of silver jewelry on their heads. The male counterpart to wear kediyum (shirt) and vajani (trousers), with rumal (Printed helmet). Drum, harmonium and naal musical instruments are normally used for dance Garba.