Bharatanatyam is a classical dance form which claims originating from the state of Tamil Nadu in southern India. Most of the statues are based on Hindu temples in attitudes dance Bharata Natyam known as karanas. In fact, it is the celestial dancers or images Apsaras, which depicts the many books the performance of these heavenly dances, known on earth as Bharatanatyam. Sense the most important and revered Hindu deity in the royal extravagance in his temple, and offered a standard set of religious services called arotiks, including music and dance, which are pleasing to the senses. Bharata Natyam as a form of dance and music Carnatic due to it being on the ground deep in the mood Ebadi, Bhakti. Bharata Natyam, said to be the embodiment of music in visual form and the offering of devotion.
Bharatanatyam is the manifestation of the ancient idea of the celebration of the eternal universe through the beauty of the material body.
The physical expressions express a poetic meaning known as Abinaya. It means that the emphasis is more on facial expressions than rhythmic movements. Abinaya is divided into four categories:
Angikabhinaya : Expressing the meanings of lyrics through the body parts like Head, Hands, Legs etc.
Vachikabhinaya : Expressing the Story via a dance drama
Aharyabhinaya : Imitating the dresses, Jewellery, Make-up etc. in the dance.
Satvikabhinaya: Showing the devotional moods come under Satvikabhinaya.
Lord Shiva is said to be the embodiment of the 4 types of abinaya.
Kathak is a form partly narrated dance on the basis of rapid movements (tatkar), spins (chakkar) and the innovative use of devotional moods in abhinaya. Today is more than a form that has been practiced in the past by historical novels, which kathakas or ancient poets, presentations temple and Bhakti movement.
Kathak classical dance is important in the culture of India, an art form global folk theater more and more. Kathak word comes from Katha, which means “entertainment stories.” “Katha kahey so kathak kahaye”, which means one who tells the hobby through dance is a form of Kathak. Long ago, narrated performance of kathak known as Kathakars stories in the temples in northern India. Hand Movement has given body and facial expressions used by Kathakars to enrich the narrative, giving birth to Kathak.
According to date, it has been found at the earliest indication of this art in the Mahabharata, a great epic poem spoken about five thousand years ago. At this early stage the art of Kathak was performed by a group of Brahmins in the glorification of the Lord.
A change in the era of Bhakti
During the period of warm worship Radha and Krishna, Kathak was used to narrate this timeless entertainment of two personalities. And it included presentations popular exploits of Sri Krishna in Vrindavan Holy Land, and entertainment mischiefs of Krishna as a child